Social Media and Aggressive Behavior: Case Study Analysis on Cyberbullying Among Adolescents

Bullying on the InternetRecently, a Canadian online newspaper reported that two brothers have been jailed for 16 months due to the cyberbullying and sexual exploitation of a 14-year old girl[1]. The cyberbullying had a great impact on the girl over a long period of time. After being victimized for 10 months, the girl still feels frightened and demonstrates symptoms of extreme anxiety. Additionally, last year, two American girls were arrested in relation to the death of a 12-year-old girl who committed suicide after being bullied online for months[2]. Those two girls allegedly sent the victim messages on Facebook calling her ugly.

The two cases above are examples of cyberbullying among adolescents. Cyberbullying has been shown to be a serious concern due to the mental distress and psychological harm it causes (Strasburger et al., 2013). As the concern also relates to social media use among adolescents, it is debatable if social media contribute to bullying behavior among adolescents. Bullying itself is defined as aggressive behavior that is intended to repeatedly hurt an individual who cannot defend her/himself both in physical or non-physical forms (Olweus, 2012).

However, social media enthusiasts who perceive social media as a new tool believe that social media benefit adolescents. They argue that bullying behavior among adolescents has nothing to do with social media. Studies conducted by Valkenburg et al (2006) and Smith et al (2008) found that the use of social media among adolescents positively correlates with self-esteem. Adolescents who have positive face-to-face relationships view interaction in social media as a reflection of the offline relationships and use social media as an additional venue to communicate. Therefore one should be wary of drawing the conclusion that social media contribute to bullying behavior among adolescents. Continue reading

Happy Father’s Day

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TALKING about Father’s Day, it’s just too emotional for me. We didn’t talk a lot as He has 9 kids. He never congratulated me when I was consistently placed in the 1st ranked at school, whereas other kids got new bike when they were only 10th ranked. It took hours for me to ask some money for books and stuff. Hence it drove me to make money on my own since I was 9. Both of us just never express love to each other. It’s just different… We even didn’t have picture together. And all of the sudden He passed away when he was 73 and I was 16.
Things happened for a reason. And I do believe he’s now happy in a better place out there. Allahhummaghfir lahu warhamhu wa’aafihi wa’fu anhu.
Happy Father’s Day!
Amsterdam, Autumn 2014
Picture taken from here.

 

National Blogger Day

965799_10152870648670514_1149853440_oI’ve been blogging since June 2007 right after one of my best friends back home taught me how to create one. At first, alike most newbies, I didn’t even know what to write and what to tell. However, since I was studying communication science and has a lot of writing assignments, I basically just uploaded all those stuff on my blog, lol. To be honest, I was quite happy because many people came to my blog even just for the sake of copying my writings (about communication science). I’m happy to share and I don’t give a shit whether they’re gonna put my name on the reference list or not.

And today is the national day of blogger in Indonesia. And it’s already 7 years in total of my existence in Indonesia blogsphere. It’s not easy to maintain consistency to keep writing on regular basis. In early years, I used to update my blog at least once a week. Back then there was no twitter, no hype of facebook and bla bla bla. Visiting blogs used to kinda my favorite activity every night. Commenting and knowing the authors were such lovely enjoyment for me. Continue reading

Berlin, First Stop of Summer Trip


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SO, finally I’ve got chance to compile pieces of my scandiplus trip stories last summer. During the trip, I shared everything on Path or Facebook due to its effectiveness and real-time. Obviously, no point to write such long story when you’re enjoying your moment, right? I call this trip as #ScandiPlus Trip: Germany, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, and Estonia. This trip is another getaway with a light backpack (7 kg) to 11 cities within 7 countries. Don’t expect this post will tell a lot of stories. It’s just random puzzle.

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Peduli Kesehatan Guru

@1000_guruSAYA kira kita semua sepakat bahwa masing-masing dari kita pasti punya guru idola. Guru yang kita sanjung dan sayangi setengah mati. Sosok yang menjadi panutan serta mereka yang selalu siap sedia membantu kita untuk maju dan bertumbuh. Salahsatu guru yang saya masih ingat betul adalah Pak Endar. Beliau khusus mengajar kelas 5 dan kelas 6 SD di salah satu Madrasah swasta di Palembang. Beliau mengayuh sepeda dari rumah ke sekolah demi mengajar pelajaran Matematika, Bahasa Indonesia dan pelajaran sosial lainnya. You know lah kalau sebagian besar guru-guru SD saat itu mengajar hampir semua mata pelajaran. Luar biasa!

Dengan tubuh kurus kerempeng di balik kacamata minus itu, Pak Endar dengan setia mengajar ratusan dari kami setiap harinya. Selain mengajar dan menghadapi bandelnya anak-anak di sekolah, tak lupa bahwa Pak Endar juga adalah sosok seorang kepala keluarga di rumah. Tanggung jawab beliau sebagai suami sekaligus bapak tentu bukan hal yang mudah untuk dijalani. Apalagi bagi seorang pengajar, jam bersama keluarga turut dialokasikan untuk menyiapkan bahan ajar keesokan harinya. Continue reading

Tanya Jawab tentang LPDP

IMG_547974863113442Info ini saya dapat hasil dari beberapa teman awardee. Monggo semoga bermanfaat.
Salam dari Amsterdam! :D
- Apa sih sebenarnya LPDP itu?
LPDP (Lembaga Pengelola Dana Pendidikan) itu adalah lembaga yang mengelola beasiswa dibawah Kementerian Keuangan, Pendidikan & Agama RI.
- Ada apa aja jenis beasiswanya?
1. Beasiswa Magister Doktor: Ini yang paling umum buat ngelanjutin S2 atau S3 kita. Universitas yang dituju harus masuk ke dalam QS atau Times Higher Education Top 250 World University Rangkings.
2. Beasiswa Presidensial RI: Khusus buat Top 50 World University, bisa pilih opsi ini. Tahap seleksinya lebih panjang tapi dapat uang yang lebih banyak dan emang disiapin buat jadi pemimpin generasi Indonesia di tahun 2045.
3. Beasiswa Afirmasi: Khusus untuk mahasiswa yang tinggal di daerah terpencil atau yang berprestasi mengharumkan nama Indonesia.
4. Beasiswa Tesis & Disertasi
5. Beasiswa Dokter Spesialis
- List universitas yang boleh dituju dengan LPDP apa aja ya?
Untuk Beasiswa Magister Doktor, bisa lihat di http://www.lpdp.depkeu.go.id/beasiswa/daftar-perguruan-tinggi-tujuan/
- Kalau universitas tujuan gak ada di list gimana ya?
Coba aja hubungin langsung pihak LPDP nya lewat telefon/email. Di angkatan saya buktinya ada kok yang ke Stavanger lewat LPDP walaupun kampusnya sendiri gak kedaftar di list sebelumnya.
- Tahapan seleksinya apa aja ya?
Buat Beasiswa Magister Doktor ada 3 tahap: Seleksi administrasi, Wawancara & Leadership Group Discussion (LGD).

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Untukmu Guruku

BAK-XL_Untukmu-Guru-_Banner_795x443-px(Mei-Juli)DULU saya ingat benar bagaimana saat mengadakan survey ke salahsatu desa di Cisarua, Purwakarta Jawa Barat. Bersama dua relawan Gerakan Indonesia Berkibar, kami  lainnya, kami menempuh waktu kurang lebih dua jam dari Jakarta. Kunjungan ini adalah bentuk survey yang kami lakukan untuk menjawab laporan dari salahseorang simpatisan Gerakan Indonesia Berkibar tentang kondisi sebuah sekolah yang memperihatinkan.

Singkat cerita, perjalanan memakan kurang lebih 2 jam. Sekira pukul 13.00 WIB kami menuju SDN 03 Cisarua. Setelah menggunakan mobil selama 15 menit melalui jalan yang cukup ekstrim kami melanjutkan perjalanan dengan menggunakan perahu boat hingga akhirnya tiba di SDN 03 Cisarua. Yang membuat saya terenyuh adalah fakta bahwa terdapat 3 guru yang dengan setia mengabdi mengajar anak-anak dengan kondisi seadanya. Pak Hendra, Ibu Ema dan Ibu Winie adalah guru-guru yang terus setia mengajar meskipun gajinya kurang dari Rp 200,000 sebulan.  Continue reading